Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 406136
Title Genetic analysis of environmental variation
Author(s) Hill, W.G.; Mulder, H.A.
Source Genetics Research 92 (2010)5-6. - ISSN 0016-6723 - p. 381 - 395.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016672310000546
Department(s) LR - Backoffice
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) mutation-selection balance - fluctuating asymmetry - phenotypic variance - residual variance - drosophila-melanogaster - stabilizing selection - quantitative traits - broiler-chickens - developmental stability - changing environments
Abstract Environmental variation (VE) in a quantitative trait – variation in phenotype that cannot be explained by genetic variation or identifiable genetic differences – can be regarded as being under some degree of genetic control. Such variation may be either between repeated expressions of the same trait within individuals (e.g. for bilateral traits), in the phenotype of different individuals, where variation within families may differ, or in both components. We consider alternative models for defining the distribution of phenotypes to include a component due to heterogeneity of VE. We review evidence for the presence of genetic variation in VE and estimates of its magnitude. Typically the heritability of VE is under 10%, but its genetic coefficient of variation is typically 20% or more. We consider experimental designs appropriate for estimating genetic variance in VE and review alternative methods of estimation. We consider the effects of stabilizing and directional selection on VE and review both the forces that might be maintaining levels of VE and heritability found in populations. We also evaluate the opportunities for reducing VE in breeding programmes. Although empirical and theoretical studies have increased our understanding of genetic control of environmental variance, many issues remain unresolved.
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