Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407037
Title Adaptation of knowledge systems to changes in agriculture and society: The case of the Netherlands
Author(s) Spiertz, J.H.J.; Kropff, M.J.
Source NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 58 (2011)1-2. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 1 - 10.
Department(s) Crop and Weed Ecology
Wageningen UR Administration OfficeCorporate Staff
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) research-and-development - biodiversity conservation - soil science - transformation - landscapes - countries
Abstract Agricultural sciences developed in Europe from the middle of the 19th century onwards. In the Netherlands, a national agricultural research and education system was established in 1876. Initially, the emphasis was strongly on education and applied research. The higher professional school for teaching agriculture, horticulture and forestry at Wageningen was admitted the status of technical university (‘Hoogeschool’) in 1918. Complementary to the university a wide array of discipline-oriented research institutes and commodity-oriented research stations were founded; especially after World War II. Since the 1980s, the system had to face new challenges and adapt to a change in societal needs and policies. A radical restructuring of the old diverse system into one organization for research and education, Wageningen University and Research Centre, took place in 1998. In this paper the developments in agricultural research and education in the Netherlands will be presented in a historic context and the recent evolutions in agriculture-based research and knowledge systems are evaluated. It is concluded that societal needs, scientific discoveries, and public and private funding are the driving forces behind change. However, most important for the quality and vigour of knowledge centres is the ability to adapt to change.
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