Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407068
Title A comparison of children with ADHD in a natural and built setting
Author(s) Berg, A.E. van den; Berg, C.G. van den
Source Child: Care, Health and Development 37 (2011)3. - ISSN 0305-1862 - p. 430 - 439.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01172.x
Department(s) CL - The Human Factor
Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
WASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) inner-city children - physical-activity - attention - green - environment - benefits - disorder - exposure - quality - stress
Abstract Background - A link has been suggested between children's disconnection from nature and the recent surge in childhood disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Research on benefits of nature for healthy children provides some support for such a link. However, only a few studies have directly examined the influence of contact with nature on children with ADHD. Aim -The aim of the present research was to gain more insight into the behaviour and emotional and cognitive functioning of children with ADHD in a natural and built setting. Methods - Two groups of six children (age 9–17) who stayed at care farms for children with ADHD in the Netherlands were systematically observed, questioned, and tested during visits to a wooded area and a small town. Results - Both groups performed better on a concentration task in the woods than in the town, despite the fact that all children visited the town after the woods and thus their scores in the town were possibly inflated by learning effects. However, the behaviour and emotional functioning in the two settings differed between the groups. One group of children liked the woods better than the town and displayed more positive behaviours and feelings in the natural environment. The other group of children liked the town equally well as the woods and displayed positive behaviours and feelings in both settings, although they showed somewhat more non-social, aggressive, inattentive, impulsive and hyperactive behaviour in the town than in the woods.
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