Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407160
Title Nine decades of North Sea sole and plaice distribution
Author(s) Engelhard, G.H.; Pinnegar, J.K.; Kell, L.T.; Rijnsdorp, A.D.
Source ICES Journal of Marine Science 68 (2011)6. - ISSN 1054-3139 - p. 1090 - 1104.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsr031
Department(s) IMARES Visserij
Aquaculture and Fisheries
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) atlantic shelf seas - climate-change - pleuronectes-platessa - community structure - fish assemblage - bristol channel - marine fishes - trends - oscillation - recruitment
Abstract Recent studies based mainly on research survey data suggest that within the North Sea, sole Solea solea and plaice Pleuronectes platessa have exhibited distribution shifts in recent decades—on average southward for sole and northward to deeper waters for plaice. Various hypotheses may account for such shifts, including climate change effects and more intensive fishing in southern and shallower waters; but the relatively short time-span of datasets analysed so far (~3 decades) has complicated the separation of these two effects. We have made use of a unique dataset of catch and effort data for British North Sea trawlers; these cover nine decades (spanning the period 1913–2007) and are spatially detailed by ICES rectangle (0.5° latitude by 1° longitude). We quantify, for the first time, long-term distribution changes of North Sea sole and plaice over a period approaching a century, and demonstrate that the distribution shift in plaice was attributable to climate change rather than to fishing, but that both climate and fishing played a role in the distribution shift of sole. The discussion also highlights the potential impact of additional factors, including eutrophication, prey availability, and habitat modification
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