Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 407221
Title Grey water treatment systems: A review
Author(s) Abu-Ghunmi, L.N.A.H.; Zeeman, G.; Fayyad, M.; Lier, J.B. van
Source Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 41 (2011)7. - ISSN 1064-3389 - p. 657 - 698.
Department(s) Sub-department of Environmental Technology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) afvalwater - waterzuivering - afvalwaterbehandeling - milieutechnologie - waste water - water treatment - waste water treatment - environmental technology - waste-water - membrane bioreactor - greywater reuse - microbial quality - multistory buildings - constructed wetlands - anaerobic treatment - domestic greywater - small communities - nonpotable reuse
Categories Waste Water Treatment
Abstract This review aims to discern a treatment for grey water by examining grey water characteristics, reuse standards, technology performance and costs. The review reveals that the systems for treating grey water, whatever its quality, should consist of processes that are able to trap pollutants with a small particle size and convert organic matter to mineralized compounds. For efficient, simple and affordable treatment of grey water with safe effluent reuse, a combined anaerobic-aerobic process is recommended, with disinfection being an optional step. The removal and subsequent conversion of suspended and colloidal particles in the anaerobic process need further improvement. Furthermore, the reuse standards should be revised and classified considering the reuse options and requirements.
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