Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407314
Title Consequences of the cultivation of energy crops for the global nitrogen cycle
Author(s) Bouwman, A.F.; Grinsven, J.J.M. van; Eickhout, B.
Source Ecological Applications 20 (2010)1. - ISSN 1051-0761 - p. 101 - 109.
Department(s) Earth System Science
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) biomass energy - soils - n2o - environment - emissions - forests - fields
Abstract In this paper, we assess the global consequences of implementing first- and second-generation bioenergy in the coming five decades, focusing on the nitrogen cycle. We Use a climate mitigation scenario from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) Environmental Outlook, in which a carbon tax is introduced to stimulate production of biofuels from energy crops. In this scenario, the area of energy crops will increase from 8 Mha in the year 2000 to 270 Mha (14% of total cropland) and producing 5.6 Pg dry matter per year (12% of energy use) in 2050. This production requires and additional annual 19 Tg or N fertilizer in 2050 (15% of total), and this causes a global emission of 0.7 Tg or N2O-N (8% of agricultural emissions), 0.2 Tg NO-N (6%), and 2.2 Tg of NH3-N (5%). In addition, we project that 2.6 Tg of NO3 -N will leach from fields under energy crops. The emissions of N2O may be an important term in the greenhouse gas balance of biofuels produced from energy crops.
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