Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407377
Title Financial problems and psychological distress: Investigating reciprocal effects among business owners
Author(s) Gorgievski, M.J.; Bakker, A.B.; Schaufeli, W.B.; Veen, H.B. van der; Giesen, C.W.M.
Source Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 83 (2010)2. - ISSN 0963-1798 - p. 513 - 530.
Department(s) LEI SECT & OND - Prestatie en Perspectief Agrosectoren
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) dynamic equilibrium-model - negative affectivity - job characteristics - farm operators - stress process - self - performance - depression - health - strain
Abstract Building on conservation of resources theory and the dynamic equilibrium model, this three-wave longitudinal study among 260 Dutch agricultural business owners (1-year time intervals) investigated reciprocal relationships between the financial situation of the business and psychological distress. Results of structural equation modelling analyses revealed a negative spiral of farm decline, in which psychological variables played a key role. Experiencing financial problems predicted psychological distress, and acted as a self-fulfilling prophecy by strengthening intentions to quit the business, which predicted a deterioration of the objective financial situation of the business 1 year later. Moreover, farmers experiencing more psychological distress were more likely to get caught in this negative spiral than business owners with better mental health, because they experienced more financial problems, irrespective of their objective financial situation. Long-term psychological distress rather than temporary fluctuations in distress levels accounted for this effect.
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