Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407547
Title Partial Functional Rescue of Helicoverpa armigera Single Nucleocapsid Nucleopolyhedrovirus Infectivity by Replacement of F Protein with GP64 from Autographa californica Multicapsid Nucleopolyhedrovirus
Author(s) Wang, M.L.; Yin, F.F.; Shen, S.; Tan, Y.; Deng, F.; Vlak, J.M.; Hu, Z.H.; Wang, H.L.
Source Journal of Virology 84 (2010)21. - ISSN 0022-538X - p. 11505 - 11514.
Department(s) Laboratory of Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) envelope fusion protein - nuclear polyhedrosis-virus - baculovirus gp64 - lentiviral vectors - membrane-fusion - glycoproteins - cells - homolog - entry - ac23
Abstract Two distinct envelope fusion proteins (EFPs) (GP64 and F) have been identified in members of the Baculoviridae family of viruses. F proteins are found in group II nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) of alphabaculoviruses and in beta- and deltabaculoviruses, while GP64 occurs only in group I NPVs of alphabaculoviruses. It was proposed that an ancestral baculovirus acquired the gp64 gene that conferred a selective advantage and allowed it to evolve into group I NPVs. The F protein is a functional analogue of GP64, as evidenced from the rescue of gp64-null Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (MNPV) (AcMNPV) by F proteins from group II NPVs or from betabaculoviruses. However, GP64 failed to rescue an F-null Spodoptera exigua MNPV (SeMNPV) (group II NPV). Here, we report the successful generation of an infectious gp64-rescued group II NPV of Helicoverpa armigera (vHaBac Delta F-gp64). Viral growth curve assays and quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR), however, showed substantially decreased infectivity of vHaBac Delta F-gp64 compared to the HaF rescue control virus vHaBac Delta F-HaF. Electron microscopy further showed that most vHaBac Delta F-gp64 budded viruses (BV) in the cell culture supernatant lacked envelope components and contained morphologically aberrant nucleocapsids, suggesting the improper BV envelopment or budding of vHaBac Delta F-gp64. Bioassays using pseudotyped viruses with a reintroduced polyhedrin gene showed that GP64-pseudotyped Helicoverpa armigera single nucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) significantly delayed the mortality of infected H. armigera larvae.
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