Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407575
Title Growing Sugarcane for Bioenergy – Effects on the Soil
Author(s) Hartemink, A.E.
Source In: Proceedings 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Brisbane, Australia, 01 - 06 August, 2010. - - p. 13 - 15.
Event 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia, 2010-08-01/2010-08-06
Department(s) ISRIC - World Soil Information
International Soil Reference and Information Centre
ICSU World Data Centre for Soils
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) suikerriet - bodemdegradatie - verzuring - brandstofgewassen - uitspoelen - verliezen uit de bodem - verontreiniging - biobased economy - sugarcane - soil degradation - acidification - fuel crops - leaching - losses from soil - pollution
Categories Soil Science (General) / Sugarcane
Abstract An increasing area of sugarcane is being growing for the production of bioenergy. Sugarcane puts a high demands on the soil due to the use of heavy machinery and because large amounts of nutrients are removed with the harvest. Biocides and inorganic fertilizers introduces risks of groundwater contamination, eutrophication of surface waters, soil pollution and acidification. This paper reviews the effect of commercial sugarcane production on soil chemical, physical and biological properties using data from the main producing areas. Although variation is considerable, soil organic C decreased in most soils under sugarcane and, also, soil acidification is common as a result of the use of N fertilizers. Increased bulk densities, lower water infiltration rates and lower aggregate stability occur in mechanized systems. There is some evidence for high leaching losses of fertilizer nutrients as well as herbicides and pesticides. Eutrophication of surface waters occurs in high-input systems. Sugarcane cultivation can substantially contribute to the supply of renewable energy, but that improved crop husbandry and precision farming principles are needed to sustain and improve the resource base on which production depends.
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