Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 407834
Title Fulmar Litter EcoQO monitoring along Durch and North Sea coasts
Author(s) Franeker, J.A. van
Source Den Burg : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C037/11) - 51
Department(s) IMARES Ecosystemen
Publication type Research report
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) waterverontreiniging - schepen - afval - kunststoffen - milieumonitoring - fulmarus - marien milieu - mariene ecologie - aquatische ecologie - zeevogels - noordzee - ecotoxicologie - water pollution - ships - wastes - plastics - environmental monitoring - marine environment - marine ecology - aquatic ecology - sea birds - north sea - ecotoxicology
Categories Environmental Pollution / Marine Ecology
Abstract Wastes from ships are an important source of litter in the marine environment in the Southern North Sea and cause serious economic and ecological damage. Inadequacies in the ship to shore waste delivery procedures are considered a major factor in illegal discharges. The European Union addressed the problem with the Directive on Port Reception Facilities. Monitoring the effect of this EU Directive is required. A long term marine litter monitoring program based on plastic abundance in stomachs of a seabird, the Northern Fulmar, exists in the Netherlands. The Dutch monitoring approach using fulmars was further developed for international implementation by OSPAR as one of its 'Ecological Quality Objectives' (EcoQO's) for the North Sea. This report, in addition to Dutch monitoring data, also provides a North Sea wide EcoQO update to 2009.
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