Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 408181
Title Genome composition of 'Elatior'-begonias hybrids analyzed by genomic in situ hybridisation
Author(s) Marasek Ciolakowska, A.R.; Ramanna, M.S.; Laak, W.A.; Tuyl, J.M. van
Source Euphytica 171 (2010)2. - ISSN 0014-2336 - p. 273 - 282.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-009-0057-7
Department(s) WUR Plant Breeding
Laboratory of Plant Breeding
EPS-4
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) hordeum-vulgare-l - lycopersicon-esculentum - chromosome elimination - cytogenetic analysis - bulbosum l - plant dna - differentiation - extraction - nicotiana - progenies
Abstract Interspecific hybridization of various tuberous Begonia species hybrids with Begonia socotrana results in so-called 'Elatior'-begonias hybrids (B. x hiemalis Fotsch). In our study, genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) has been employed to assess the genome composition in eleven 'Elatior'-begonias hybrids and their ancestor genotypes. Genomic DNA of tuberous Begonia was sonicated to 1-10-kb fragments, labelled by nick translation with digoxigenin-11-dUTP and used as a probe whereas B. socotrana DNA was autoclaved to 100 bp fragments and used as block. The genome of tuberous Begonia was clearly pronounced in 'Elatior'-begonias when the probe concentration was similar to 3.75 ng/mu l (150 ng/slide), with 30 times the excess of B. socotrana blocking DNA and stringency of post hybridization washings at 73% (0.1x SSC at 42A degrees C). In 'Elatior'-begonias hybrids GISH distinguished two groups comprising short (0.6-1.03 mu m in length) and relatively longer chromosomes (1.87-3.88 mu m) which represent B. socotrana and tuberous Begonia genomes, respectively. The number of chromosomes derived from tuberous Begonia ranged from 14 to 56 and for B. socotrana from 7 to 28 which suggest the presence of different ploidy levels in analyzed 'Elatior'-begonia hybrids. Intergenomic recombination has not been detected through GISH in hybrids analyzed. Genomic in situ hybridization turned out to be useful to identify the genome constitution of 'Elatior'-begonia hybrids and thus gain an insight into the origins of these cultivars. This knowledge on the ploidy level and genome composition is essential for further progress in breeding Begonias.
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