Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 408203
Title Prediction of Soil Fertility Properties from a Globally Distributed Soil Mid-Infrared Spectral Library
Author(s) Terhoeven-Urselmans, T.; Vagen, T.G.; Spaargaren, O.; Shepherd, K.D.
Source Soil Science Society of America Journal 74 (2010)5. - ISSN 0361-5995 - p. 1792 - 1799.
Department(s) International Soil Reference and Information Centre
ICSU World Data Centre for Soils
ISRIC - World Soil Information
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) diffuse-reflectance spectroscopy - partial least-squares - carbon
Abstract Globally applicable calibrations to predict standard soil properties based on infrared spectra may increase the use of this reliable technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of mid-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (4000-602 cm(-1)) to predict chemical and textural properties for a globally distributed soil spectral library. We scanned 971 soil samples selected from the International Soil Reference and Information Centre database. A high-throughput diffuse reflectance accessory was used with optics that exclude specular reflectance as a potential source of error. Archived data on soil chemical and physical properties were calibrated to first derivative spectra using partial least-squares regression. Good predictions for the spatially independent validation set were achieved for pH value, organic C content, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) (n = 291, r(2) of linear regression of predicted against measured values >= 0.75 and ratio of standard deviation of measured values to root mean square error of prediction (RPD) >= 2.0). The root mean square errors of prediction (RMSEP) were 0.75 pH units, 9.1 g organic C kg(-1) and 5.5 cmol(c) CEC kg(-1). Satisfactory predictions (r(2) = 0.65-0.75, RPD = 1.4-2.0) were obtained for exchangeable Mg concentration and clay content. The respective RMSEPs were 4.3 cmol(c) kg(-1) and 126 g kg(-1). Poorer predictions (r2 = 0.61 and 0.64) were achieved for sand and exchangeable Ca contents. Although RMSEP values are large relative to laboratory analytical errors, our results suggest a marked potential for the global spectral library as a tool for advice on land management, such as the classification of new samples into basic soil fertility classes based on organic C and clay contents, CEC, and pH. Further research is needed to test the stability of this global calibration on new data sets.
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