Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 408210
Title Hexachlorobenzene sources, levels and human exposure in the environment of China
Author(s) Wang, G.; Lu, Y.L.; Han, Jingyi; Luo, W.; Shi, Y.J.; Wang, T.Y.; Sun, Y.M.
Source Environment International 36 (2010)1. - ISSN 0160-4120 - p. 122 - 130.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2009.08.005
Department(s) Environmental Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) persistent organic pollutants - polybrominated diphenyl ethers - human breast-milk - polychlorinated biphenyl residues - organochlorine pesticides ocps - water treatment plants - pearl river delta - taihu lake region - temporal trends - asian countries
Abstract This article summarizes the published scientific data on sources, levels and human exposure of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in China. Potential sources of unintended HCB emission were assessed by production information, emission factors and environmental policies. HCB was observed in various environmental compartments in China. HCB levels increased from South China to North China in most of environmental compartments (air, soil and mussel). Some hotspots were identified near the factories producing and using HCB. In terms of spatial distribution, HCB concentrations in air and shellfish showed much variation, which indicated some primary emission sources in China. HCB levels in air and human milk in China were relatively higher than those in other countries, but HCB levels in other compartments were similar to those in Europe and other countries in Eastern Asia. In the limited studies on temporal trends of HCB levels in China, HCB concentrations in air, sediment, fish and human milk did not show a consistent downward trend. Although HCB levels in food and human milk does not pose a health risk in China at present, long-term exposure to HCB should not be overlooked.
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