Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 409284
Title Democratic Legitimacy in the Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the Netherlands: Towards Participatory and Deliberative Norms?
Author(s) Behagel, J.H.; Turnhout, E.
Source Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 13 (2011)3. - ISSN 1523-908X - p. 297 - 316.
Department(s) Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) waterkwaliteit - kaderrichtlijn water - democratie - governance - participatie - eu regelingen - nederland - politieke processen - water quality - water framework directive - democracy - participation - eu regulations - netherlands - political processes - natural-resource management - global governance - european-union - state
Categories Water policy / Water Quality / Political Processes
Abstract The European Union (EU) increasingly shapes environmental policy in its member states. By including public participation requirements in environmental directives, the European Commission aims to open up the policy-making process and move from an administrative to a more participatory approach. Participation is considered to contribute to democratic governance, but has been associated with democratic problems as well, as the bases of democratic legitimacy do not automatically change when a participatory approach is implemented. This article uses a discourse-theoretical approach to analyze how participation in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the Netherlands took shape and what the implications were for the construction of democratic legitimacy. Our findings show how market and agricultural groups succeeded in dominating the debate by articulating a hegemonic discourse that marginalized environmental demands. Environmental groups did not succeed in turning the debate around, as the participatory and deliberative norms that they ascribed to were not taken up. The case study demonstrates that although the administrative policy-making process was opened up, political dynamics limited the scope for participation. The article concludes by reflecting on the potential of EU governance to promote democratic legitimacy and fulfil participatory and deliberative norms.
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