Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 409700
Title From Integrated Pest Management to Indiscriminate Pesticide Use in Kazakhstan
Author(s) Toleubayev, K.; Jansen, K.; Huis, A. van
Source Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 35 (2011)4. - ISSN 1044-0046 - p. 350 - 375.
Department(s) Technology and Agrarian Development
Laboratory of Entomology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) knowledge - farmers
Abstract This paper explores a strange paradox. After the fall of the Soviet system, Kazakhstan became strongly incorporated in a world that highly values sustainable agriculture and ecologically-friendly pest control. In this incorporation process, however, the country abandoned a well-established integrated pest management (IPM) system and shifted to an exclusive reliance on pesticides. This study analyses the development of IPM/ecology-based pest-control approaches in the 1970s and 1980s in the USSR, providing some detailed case studies in the Republic of Kazakhstan. It examines how these sustainable approaches to pest control were replaced by an indiscriminate pesticide use in farming practices after independence in 1991. The focus of plant protection research also shifted from IPM/ecology-based studies to pesticide testing. The paper reveals that the nature of institutional support from the state shapes the rise and fall of IPM, particularly since it is crucial for addressing the knowledge-intensive character of IPM and governing situations in which concerted action is needed.
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