Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 410094
Title Intensive dairy production systems in an urban landscape, the Dutch situation
Author(s) Vellinga, Th.V.; Bannink, A.; Smits, M.C.J.; Pol, A. van den; Pinxterhuis, J.B.
Source Livestock Science 139 (2011)1-2. - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 122 - 134.
Department(s) Livestock Research
LR - Backoffice
LR - Environment
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) ruminant livestock systems - urinary urea concentration - greenhouse-gas emissions - ammonia emission - grassland management - nitrogen-fertilizer - land-use - feed characteristics - rumen fermentation - methane production
Abstract Dairy production in the Netherlands is characterized by high stocking densities, high inputs of chemical fertilizer and concentrates and is facing multiple challenges on environment, landscape and welfare issues. This review focuses on nitrate, ammonia and methane emissions, and grazing. Emission reductions from dairy farms over the last twenty years have been realized by a combination of fundamental and applied research and active participation by farmers. An overview of participatory projects in the dairy sector is given. Although emissions of nitrate, ammonia and methane have been reduced in the period 1990–2010, strict environmental targets still have not been met and landscape and animal welfare issues present additional emerging challenges. Fundamental changes in dairy production systems might be needed, and the focus of participatory projects should shift from adjusting existing systems towards the exploration of new production systems.
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