Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 410281
Title Monitoring plastic ingestion by the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in the North Sea
Author(s) Franeker, J.A. van; Blaize, C.; Danielsen, J.
Source Environmental Pollution 159 (2011)10. - ISSN 0269-7491 - p. 2609 - 2615.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.06.008
Department(s) IMARES Ecosystemen
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) marine-environment - seabirds - particles - debris - atlantic - transport - pollution - lost
Abstract The abundance of plastics in stomachs of northern fulmars from the North Sea is used in the OSPAR Ecological Quality Objective (EcoQO) for marine litter. The preliminary EcoQO defines acceptable ecological quality as the situation where no more than 10% of fulmars exceed a critical level of 0.1 g of plastic in the stomach. During 2003–2007, 95% of 1295 fulmars sampled in the North Sea had plastic in the stomach (on average 35 pieces weighing 0.31 g) and the critical level of 0.1 g of plastic was exceeded by 58% of birds, with regional variations ranging from 48 to 78%. Long term data for the Netherlands since the 1980s show a decrease of industrial, but an increase of user plastics, with shipping and fisheries as the main sources. The EcoQO is now also used as an indicator for Good Environmental Status in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive
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