Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 411166
Title Formation and Transformation of Iron Oxide-Kaolinite Associations in the Presence of Iron(II)
Author(s) Wei, S.Y.; Liu, F.; Feng, X.H.; Tan, W.F.; Koopal, L.K.
Source Soil Science Society of America Journal 75 (2011)1. - ISSN 0361-5995 - p. 45 - 55.
Department(s) Sub-department of Environmental Technology
Physical Chemistry and Colloid Science
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) clay-minerals - organic-matter - soil clays - ferrihydrite - hematite - goethite - fe(ii) - acid - lepidocrocite - reactivity
Abstract Iron oxide-kaolinite associations are important components of tropical and subtropical soils and have significant influence on the physical and chemical properties of soils. In this study, the formation and transformation of Fe oxide-kaolinite associations as a function of pH, temperature, and time were investigated at different Fe(II)/ Fe(III) molar ratios (R). Results show that the formation of crystalline Fe oxides was significantly inhibited due to the presence of kaolinite, while accelerated by Fe(II). The formation of lepidocrocite- and goethite-kaolinite associations were accelerated by Fe(II) at R = 0.04 to 0.06, an initial pH (pHi) of 5 to 8, and a temperature (T) of 50 to 70°C; the formation of hematite-kaolinite association was accelerated by Fe(II) at R = 0.06, pHi 7 to 8, and T= 60 to 80°C; magnetite-kaolinite association was obtained at R = 0.06, pHi 9, and T = 60°C or at R = 0.1 to 0.5, pHi 7, and T = 60°C. The pH as a function of time (pHt) decreased sharply when crystalline Fe oxides were formed in the presence of Fe(II), Fe(III), and kaolinite. The decrease in pHt was slow, however, in the system with Fe(III) and kaolinite but without Fe(II) and in the system with Fe(II) and kaolinite but without Fe(III). The morphologies of lepidocrocite, goethite, hematite, and magnetite in associations are strip shaped, nanorod like, pseudo-cubic shaped, and nanosphere like, respectively. In a system with Fe(II), Fe(III), and kaolin
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