Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 411353
Title The rhizosphere zoo: An overview of plant-associated communities of microorganisms, including phages, bacteria, archaea, and fungi, and some of their structuring factors
Author(s) Buée, M.; Boer, W. de; Martin, F.; Overbeek, L.S. van; Jurkevitch, E.
Source Plant and Soil 321 (2009)1-2. - ISSN 0032-079X - p. 189 - 212.
Department(s) PRI BIOINT Ecological Interactions
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2009
Keyword(s) burkholderia-cepacia complex - gradient gel-electrophoresis - disease-suppressive soils - fine-scale distribution - field-grown wheat - real-time pcr - ectomycorrhizal fungi - microbial diversity - mycorrhizal fungi - ribosomal-rna
Abstract Rhizosphere microorganisms have two faces, like Janus the Roman god of gates and doors who symbolizes changes and transitions, from one condition to another. One face looks at the plant root, the other sees the soil. The ears and the nose sense the other gods around and the mouths are wide open, swallowing as much as they can, and as described in Chapter 11, they also are busy talking. These faces may as well represent Hygieia (the Greek god of Health and Hygiene, the prevention of sickness and the continuation of good health) and Morta (the Roman god of death) for rhizosphere microbes can be beneficial, and promote plant growth and well being (Chapter 12) or detrimental, causing plant sickness and death (Chapter 13). It can be argued that many rhizosphere microbes are “neutral”, faceless saprophytes that decompose organic materials, perform mineralization and turnover processes. While most may not directly interact with the plant, their effects on soil biotic and abiotic parameters certainly have an impact on plant growth. Maybe they are Janus’ feet, the unsung heroes of the rhizosphere. This chapter addresses some aspects of the taxonomical and functional microbial diversity of the rhizosphere. Bacteria, Archea, viruses and Fungi will be at the heart of our discussion, while other rootassociated eukaryotes are the subjects of other chapters
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