Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 411903
Title Indirect effects of non-lethal predation on bivalve activity and sediment reworking
Author(s) Maire, O.; Merchant, J.N.; Bulling, M.; Teal, L.R.; Gremare, A.; Duchene, J.C.; Solan, M.
Source Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 395 (2010)1-2. - ISSN 0022-0981 - p. 30 - 36.
Department(s) IMARES Vis
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) shrimp crangon-crangon - clam macoma-balthica - sublethal predation - marine-sediments - burying depth - abra-ovata - luminophore tracers - functional-response - ecosystem function - benthic community
Abstract Deposit-feeders are the dominant bioturbators of aquatic sediments, where they profoundly impact biogeochemical processes, but they are also vulnerable to both lethal and non-lethal predation by a large variety of predators. In this study, we performed a series of experiments to test the effects of predation avoidance on the feeding activity and sediment reworking intensity of the deposit-feeding bivalve Macoma balthica. Feeding activity at the sediment–water interface and sediment reworking intensity (vertical displacements of inert particle tracers) were monitored using image analysis techniques for treatments including and excluding the predatory shrimp, Crangon crangon. Detection of C. crangon by M. balthica resulted in an immediate retraction of the feeding siphon and a reduction in feeding activity. M. balthica also buried deeper into the sediment in the presence of C. crangon. This predator avoidance behaviour indirectly affected sediment reworking modes and rates, increasing the thickness of the bioturbated sediment layer as well as the non-local transport of sediment particles at depth. Conversely, feeding activity and sediment reworking processes remained unaffected when C. crangon was present, but isolated from the sediment, suggesting that predator perception in M. balthica is tactile (i.e. induced by direct encounter) rather than being chemosensory. Collectively, these results demonstrate that predatory avoidance behaviour by benthic infauna can significantly impact benthic bioturbation and the incorporation of organic matter into the benthic food web.
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