Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 412092
Title Biophysical and human factors determine the distribution of poached elephants in Tsavo East National Park, Kenya
Author(s) Kyale, D.M.; Ngene, S.M.; Maingi, J.
Source Pachyderm 49 (2011)1. - ISSN 1026-2881 - p. 48 - 60.
Department(s) Resource Ecology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) luangwa-valley - illegal exploitation - law-enforcement - ivory trade - zambia - ecosystem - patterns - habitat
Abstract This study investigates the distribution of poached elephants as well as the biophysical and anthropogenic factors that determine the distribution of the poached elephants in Tsavo East National Park (TENP), Kenya. Data on the distribution of poached elephants, from 1990 to 2005, were acquired from elephant mortality database of the Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS). The distribution of poached elephants was not random but exhibited a clustered pattern. Poaching of elephants was higher in the central and northern areas of TENP. Poaching hotspots occurred along the main rivers (i.e. Tiva, Galana and Voi Rivers). During the wet season, a high density of poached elephants was recorded within the grassland, bushland and open bushland. In the dry season, the density of poached elephants was highest in the woodland, bushland, open bushland and grassland environments. The distribution of poached elephants was significantly correlated with land cover, proximity to main rivers, surface water, ranger patrol bases, park gates, roads and park boundaries. Priority security patrols should be performed along the Galana, Tiva and Voi Rivers
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