Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 412144
Title Soil buffer limits flash flood response to extraordinary rainfall in a Dutch lowland catchment
Author(s) Brauer, C.C.; Teuling, R.; Overeem, A.J.; Velde, Y. van der; Hazenberg, P.; Warmerdam, P.M.M.; Uijlenhoet, R.
Source In: Proceedings of the Geophysical Research Abstract EGU 2011, 03-08 April. 2011, Vienna, Austria. - - p. 7740 - 7740.
Event EGU General Assembly 2011, Vienna, 2011-04-03/2011-04-08
Department(s) Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management
Soil Physics, Ecohydrology and Groundwater Management
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2011
Abstract On 26 August 2010 the eastern part of The Netherlands and the bordering part of Germany were struck by a series of very heavy rainfall events lasting for more than a day. Over an area of 740 km2 more than 120 mm of rainfall was observed in 24 hours. This extreme event resulted in local flooding of city centres, highways and agricultural fields, and considerable financial loss. In this paper we report on the unprecedented flash flood triggered by this exceptionally heavy rainfall event in the 6.5 km2 Hupsel Brook catchment, which has been the experimental watershed employed byWageningen University since the 1960s. This study aims to improve our understanding of the dynamics of such lowland flash floods. We present a detailed hydrometeorological analysis of this extreme event, focusing on its synoptic meteorological characteristics, its space-time rainfall dynamics as observed with rain gauges, weather radar and a microwave link, as well as the measured soil moisture, groundwater and discharge response of the catchment. At the Hupsel Brook catchment 159.5 mm of rainfall was observed in 24 h, corresponding to an estimated return period in the order of 6000 years. As a result, discharge at the catchment outlet increased from 4.4 l s1 to nearly 5 m3 s1 (i.e. a specific discharge of 0.77 m3 s1 km2, or 2.8 mmh1). Within 7 hours discharge rose from 50 to 4.5 m3 s1. The catchment response can be divided into four phases: (1) soil moisture reservoir filling, (2) groundwater response, (3) surface depression filling and surface runoff and (4) backwater feedback. The first 35 mm of rainfall were stored in the soil without a significant increase in discharge. Rela20 tively dry initial conditions (in comparison to those
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