Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 412147
Title The use of plant extracts to control the major disease and pest in mushroom cultivation
Author(s) Baars, J.J.P.; Rutjens, A.J.; Kogel, W.J. de; Baar, J.
Source In: Proceedings of the 17th Congress of the International Society for Mushroom Science on Science and Cultivation of Edible and Medicinal Fungi: Mushroom Science, Cape Town, South Africa, 20-24 May 2008. - Minnesota, USA : University of Minnesota - p. 602 - 614.
Event Minnesota, USA : University of Minnesota 17th Congress of the International Society for Mushroom Science on Science and Cultivation of Edible and Medicinal Fungi: Mushroom Science, Cape Town, South Africa, 2008-05-20/2008-05-24
Department(s) PRI Biodiversity and Breeding
PRI BIOINT Entomology & Virology
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2008
Abstract Dry bubble disease and its spread by insects represents a major problem in the cultivation of mushrooms. Prevention of dry bubble disease and its vectors usually involves chemical crop protection. However, the use of chemical crop protection is becoming less acceptable. We expect that, within a few years, prochloraz will no longer be available for use in mushroom cultivation in the European Union. It is therefore necessary to develop alternative methods to control dry bubble disease. In a number of projects financed by the Dutch Product Board we investigated the efficacy of plant extracts and pure compounds as an alternative to chemical crop protection. We focused on the use of plant extracts to combat dry bubble disease and phorid flies. With respect to dry bubble disease, we identified a plant extract that could reduce the incidence of dry bubbles by 80% after a single application in experimental cultivation of mushrooms. The efficacy of this plant extract compares favourably with the efficacy of prochloraz. With respect to Megaselia halterata phorid flies, we identified plant extracts that (when used in a preventive manner) could reduce the number of flies by 60%. If used curatively, immediately after the flies produced eggs in the compost, some plant extracts could reduce the number of flies by 90%. For both applications further research on plant extracts is aimed at developing crop protection agents that can be used in organic mushroom cultivation.
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