Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 412233
Title Phylogenetically poor plant communities receive more alien species, which more easily coexist with natives
Author(s) Gerhold, P.; Pärtel, M.; Tackenberg, O.; Hennekens, S.M.; Bartish, I.; Schaminee, J.H.J.; Fergus, A.J.F.; Ozinga, W.A.; Prinzing, A.
Source In: Proceedings of the 54th Symposium of the International Association for the Vegetation Science on Vegetation in and around water: patterns, processes and threats, Lyon, France, 20-24 June 2011. - Lyon, France : Université Lyon 1 - p. 43 - 43.
Event Lyon, France : Université Lyon 1 54th Symposium of the International Association for the Vegetation Science on Vegetation in and around water: patterns, processes and threats, Lyon, France, 2011-06-20/2011-06-24
Department(s) CE - Vegetation and Landscape Ecology
Centre for Ecosystem Studies
PE&RC
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2011
Abstract Alien species can be a major threat to ecological communities, but we do not know why some community types allow the entry of many more alien species than do others. Here, for the first time, we suggest that evolutionary diversity inherent to the constituent species of a community may determine its present receptiveness to alien species. Using recent large databases from observational studies, we find robust evidence that assemblage of plant community types from few phylogenetic lineages (in plots without aliens) corresponds to higher receptiveness to aliens. Establishment of aliens in phylogenetically poor communities corresponds to increased phylogenetic dispersion of recipient communities and to coexistence with rather than replacement of natives. This coexistence between natives and distantly related aliens in recipient communities of low phylogenetic dispersion may reflect patterns of trait assembly. In communities without aliens, low phylogenetic dispersion corresponds to increased dispersion of most traits, and establishment of aliens corresponds to increased trait concentration.We conclude that if quantified across the tree of life, high biodiversity correlates with decreasing receptiveness to aliens. Low phylogenetic biodiversity, in contrast, facilitates coexistence between natives and aliens even if they share similar trait states.
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