Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 412348
Title An optimized model for a thermally comfortable Dutch urban square
Author(s) Lenzholzer, S.
Source In: PLEA 2011 Architecture & Sustainable Development Vol.1. - Louvain : Presses Universitaires de Louvain - ISBN 9782874632761 - p. 403 - 409.
Event Louvain : Presses Universitaires de Louvain - ISBN 9782874632761 27th International conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, 2011-07-13/2011-07-15
Department(s) Landscape Architecture
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2011
Abstract Is there a model for a thermally comfortable mid-sized urban square in the Dutch climate context which offers sufficient wind protection and a good distribution of sun- and shade places? To answer this question, a ‘research by design’ process was followed. This process included the design of different alternatives of spatial configurations that were expected to generate thermal comfort in different seasons. These configurations were then tested with Envi-met® simulations on their effects for different seasons and different squares. The ‘research by design’ process showed that for the Dutch context of mid- sized urban squares the most optimal model that could be developed and tested, were sequences of ‘urban shelterbelts’. These consist of 25 m high deciduous trees and have transparent wind screens in the trunk space. The ‘urban shelterbelts’, when placed perpendicular to the dominant Southwesterly winds both protect the squares from these winds and also offer sufficient shaded situations. This optimized model can be used to address thermal comfort in urban square design, but it needs to be adjusted to each place and embedded in the integral design of a square.
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