Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 412614
Title Characterization of chromosomal regions containing quantitative trait loci determining specificity towards bread and durum wheat cultivars in the fungal wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola
Author(s) Ware, S.B.; Wittenberg, A.H.J.; Verstappen, E.C.P.; Lee, T.A.J. van der; Schouten, H.J.; Goodwin, S.B.; Grimwood, J.; Bristow, J.; Grigoriev, I.; Kema, G.H.J.
Source In: Proceedings of the 15th Plant and Animal Genome Conference, San Diego, California, USA, 13-17 January 2007. - - p. W360 - W360.
Event 15th Plant and Animal Genome Conference, San Diego, California, USA, 2007-01-13/2007-01-17
Department(s) Biointeracties and Plant Health
PRI Biodiversity and Breeding
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2007
Abstract Specificity of the haploid, plant-pathogenic fungus Mycosphaerella graminicola towards durum (tetraploid, genomes AABB) versus bread (AABBDD) wheat is well documented. To estimate the number of genes involved in host species specificity, we crossed an isolate of M. graminicola collected from bread wheat (IPO323) with one from durum wheat (IPO95052) and analyzed the pathogenicity of 163 progeny to four cultivars of bread wheat and three of durum. Segregation data for pathogenicity to the seven cultivars of wheat were added to a high-density genetic linkage map containing 1,144 Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers. Combined analyses of the phenotypic data and the DArT map identified nine quantitative trait loci (QTL) for cultivar specificity on seven linkage groups. These genetic loci were aligned to the whole-genome sequence of M. graminicola to identify the genes involved in specificity. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive QTL analysis of virulence performed on a plant-pathogenic fungus. The previously accepted hypothesis that host species specificity among isolates of M. graminicola is under controle of a single gene appears to be incorrect. Instead, specificity of M. graminicola to durum versus bread wheat appears to be under multigenic control. Therefore, pathogenicity to different species of cultivated wheat most likely is conditioned by a mix of genetically inherited factors, and the distinction between host species and cultivar specificity is not clearly defined
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