Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 413076
Title A Bayesian approach to analyze energy balance data from lactating dairy cows
Author(s) Strathe, A.B.; Dijkstra, J.; France, J.; Lopez, S.; Yan, T.; Kebreab, E.
Source Journal of Dairy Science 94 (2011)5. - ISSN 0022-0302 - p. 2520 - 2531.
Department(s) Animal Nutrition
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) growing pigs - metaanalysis - maintenance - winbugs - impact - diets
Abstract The objective of the present investigation was to develop a Bayesian framework for updating and integrating covariate information into key parameters of metabolizable energy (ME) systems for dairy cows. The study addressed specifically the effects of genetic improvements and feed quality on key parameters in current ME systems. These are net and metabolizable energy for maintenance (NE(M) and ME(M), respectively), efficiency of utilization of ME for milk production (k(L)) and growth (k(G)), and efficiency of utilization of body stores for milk production (k(T)). Data were collated from 38 studies, yielding 701 individual cow observations on milk energy, ME intake, and tissue gain and loss. A function based on a linear relationship between milk energy and ME intake and correcting for tissue energy loss or gain served as the basis of a full Bayesian hierarchical model. The within-study variability was modeled by a Student t-distribution and the between-study variability in the structural parameters was modeled by a multivariate normal distribution. A meaningful relationship between genetic improvements in milk production and the key parameters could not be established. The parameter k(L) was linearly related to feed metabolizability, and the slope predicted a 0.010 (-0.0004; 0.0210) change per 0.1-unit change in metabolizability. The effect of metabolizability on k(L) was smaller than assumed in present feed evaluation systems and its significance was dependent on collection of studies included in the analysis. Three sets of population estimates (with 95% credible interval in parentheses) were generated, reflecting different degrees of prior belief: (1) Noninformative priors yielded 0.28 (0.23; 0.33) MJ/(kg(0.75)d), 0.55 (0.51; 0.58), 0.86 (0.81; 0.93) and 0.66 (0.58; 0.75), for NE(M), k(L), k(G), and k(T), respectively; (2) Introducing an informative prior that was derived from a fasting metabolism study served to combine the most recent information on energy metabolism in modern dairy cows. The new estimates of NE(M), k(L), k(G) and k(T) were 0.34 (0.28; 0.39) MJ/(kg(0.75)d), 0.58 (0.54; 0.62), 0.89 (0.85; 0.95), and 0.69 (0.60; 0.79), respectively; (3) finally, all informative priors were used that were established from literature, yielding estimates for NE(M), k(L), k(G), and k(T) of 0.29 (0.11; 0.46) MJ/(kg(0.75)d), 0.60 (0.54; 0.70), 0.70 (0.50; 0.88), and 0.80 (0.67; 0.97), respectively. Bayesian methods are especially applicable in meta-analytical studies as information can enter at various stages in the hierarchical model.
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.