Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 415168
Title Estimation of the dietary nutrient profile of free-roaming feral cats: possible implications for nutrition of domestic cats
Author(s) Plantinga, E.A.; Bosch, G.; Hendriks, W.H.
Source British Journal of Nutrition 106 (2011)S1. - ISSN 0007-1145 - p. S35 - S48.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511002285
Department(s) Animal Nutrition
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) fatty-acid-composition - wildcat felis-silvestris - trap-neuter-return - food-habits - house cats - feeding ecology - canary-islands - gastrointestinal-tract - new-zealand - carbohydrate-metabolism
Abstract Cats are strict carnivores and in the wild rely on a diet solely based on animal tissues to meet their specific and unique nutritional requirements. Although the feeding ecology of cats in the wild has been well documented in the literature, there is no information on the precise nutrient profile to which the cat's metabolism has adapted. The present study aimed to derive the dietary nutrient profile of free-living cats. Studies reporting the feeding habits of cats in the wild were reviewed and data on the nutrient composition of the consumed prey items obtained from the literature. Fifty-five studies reported feeding strategy data of cats in the wild. After specific exclusion criteria, twenty-seven studies were used to derive thirty individual dietary nutrient profiles. The results show that feral cats are obligatory carnivores, with their daily energy intake from crude protein being 52 %, from crude fat 46 % and from N-free extract only 2 %. Minerals and trace elements are consumed in relatively high concentrations compared with recommended allowances determined using empirical methods. The calculated nutrient profile may be considered the nutrient intake to which the cat's metabolic system has adapted. The present study provides insight into the nutritive, as well as possible non-nutritive aspects of a natural diet of whole prey for cats and provides novel ways to further improve feline diets to increase health and longevity.
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