Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 41594
Title Effect of allowed grazing time, inert rumen bulk and length of starvation before grazing on the weight, composition and dermentative end-products of the rumen contents of lactating dairy cows
Author(s) Chilibroste, P.; Tamminga, S.; Bruchem, J. van; Togt, P.L. van der
Source Grass and Forage Science 53 (1998)2. - ISSN 0142-5242 - p. 146 - 156.
Department(s) Animal Nutrition
Wageningen University
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Abstract The effect of length of the allowed grazing time (Experiment 1), length of starvation time and placement in the rumen of inert bulk material before grazing (Experiment 2) on liquid and particulate rumen pool sizes, composition and fermentability was investigated. In Experiment 1, four lengths of allowed grazing time (1.00, 1.75, 2.50 and 3.25 h) after overnight starvation were compared. The allowed grazing time had no significant effect on total and liquid rumen pool sizes after grazing but did affect (P < 0.05) dry-matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) rumen pool sizes. The non-significant diferences between the volatile fatty acid (VFA) rumen pool sizes before and after 1 h of grazing may indicate a delay in the availability of the more rapidly fermentable substrate for the microorganisms. The total VFA remen pool sizes increased significantly (P < 0.01) with the allowed grazing time, which suggests that these fermentation products may be involved in the control of the grazing time in later stages during the day. Experiment 2 consisted of a factorial combination of two lengths of starvation before grazing (16.5 and 2.5 h) and the presence or absence in the rummen of 12.5 kg of a synthetic indigestible material. The duration of starvation before grazing did not affect significantly the particulate, ammonia and VFA rumen pool sizes after grazing except for propionic acid, which was reduced (P < 0.09) by the longer starvation time. The inclusion of inert bulk material in the rumen before grazing significantly reduced (P < 0.05) the total, Liquid DM, OM, and ammonia rumen pool sizes but not the VFA rumen pool sizes after grazing. High levels of ammonia as well as total rumen contents may be involved in the control of the grazing time in this experiment
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