Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 417071
Title Quantitative determination of marine lipophilic toxins in mussels, oysters and cockles using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry: inter-laboratory validation study
Author(s) Top, H.J. van den; Gerssen, A.; McCarron, P.; Egmond, H.P. van
Source Food Additives & Contaminants. Pt. A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment 28 (2011)12. - ISSN 1944-0049 - p. 1745 - 1757.
Department(s) RIKILT - R&C Natuurlijke Toxinen en Pesticiden
RIKILT - R&C Groeibevorderaars
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) method-performance
Abstract Thirteen laboratories participated in an inter-laboratory study to evaluate the method performance characteristics of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method (LC-MS/MS) for marine lipophilic shellfish toxins. Method performance characteristics were evaluated for mussel (Mytilus edulis), oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and cockle (Cerastoderma edule) matrices. The specific toxin analogues tested included okadaic acid (OA), dinophysistoxins-1 and -2 (DTX1, -2), azaspiracids-1, -2 and -3 (AZA1, -2, -3), pectenotoxin-2 (PTX2), yessotoxin (YTX), and 45-OH-yessotoxin (45-OH-YTX). The instrumental technique was developed as an alternative to the still widely applied biological methods (mouse or rat bioassay). Validation was conducted according to the AOAC-harmonised protocol for the design, conduct and interpretation of method-performance studies. Eight different test materials were sent as blind duplicates to the participating laboratories. Twelve laboratories returned results that were accepted to be included in the statistical evaluation. The method precision was expressed as HORRATs. For the individual toxins (except for 45-OH-YTX) HORRATs were found to be =1.8 (median HORRAT=0.8) in all tested materials. The recoveries of OA-, AZA- and YTX-group toxins were within the range of 80-108% and PTX2 was within the range of 62-93%. Based on the acceptable values for precision and recovery, it was concluded that the method is suitable for official control purposes to quantitatively determine OA/DTXs, AZAs, YTXs and PTX2 in shellfish.
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