Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 417185
Title Stirrup forces during horse riding: a comparison between sitting and rising trot
Author(s) Beek, F.E. van; Cocq, P. de; Timmerman, M.; Muller, M.
Source The Veterinary Journal 193 (2012)1. - ISSN 1090-0233 - p. 193 - 198.
Department(s) Experimental Zoology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) pressure measuring device - sensing array technology - saddle - back - rider - kinematics - movements - validity - system - walk
Abstract Injuries of horses might be related to the force the rider exerts on the horse. To better understand the loading of the horse by a rider, a sensor was developed to measure the force exerted by the rider on the stirrups. In the study, five horses and 23 riders participated. Stirrup forces measured in sitting trot and rising trot were synchronised with rider movements measured from digital films and made dimensionless by dividing them by the bodyweight (BW) of the rider. A Fourier transform of the stirrup force data showed that the signals of both sitting and rising trot contained 2.4 and 4.8 Hz frequencies. In addition, 1.1 and 3.7 Hz frequencies were also present at rising trot. Each stride cycle of trot showed two peaks in stirrup force. The heights of these peaks were 1.17 ± 0.28 and 0.33 ± 0.14 in rising and 0.45 ± 0.24 and 0.38 ± 0.22 (stirrup force (N)/BW of rider (N)) in sitting trot. A significant difference was found between the higher peaks of sitting and rising trot (P <0.001) and between the peaks within a single stride for both riding styles (P <0.001). The higher peak in rising trot occurred during the standing phase of the stride cycle. Riders imposed more force on the stirrups during rising than sitting trot. A combination of stirrup and saddle force data can provide additional information on the total loading of the horse by a rider.
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