Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 41729
Title Dehydration-induced conformational changes of poly-L-lysine as influenced by drying rate and carbohydrates.
Author(s) Wolkers, W.F.; Kilsdonk, M.G. van; Hoekstra, F.A.
Source Biochimica et biophysica acta-protein structure and molecular enzymology 1425 (1998). - ISSN 0167-4838 - p. 127 - 136.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4165(98)00059-2
Department(s) Laboratory of Plant Physiology
EPS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Abstract The conformation of hydrated and air-dried poly-L-lysine in thin films was studied using Fourier transform IR spectroscopy in the amide-I region. Hydrated poly-L-lysine has a random coil conformation. Upon slow drying of small droplets of the polypeptide solution over a period of several hours, an extended beta-sheet conformation is adopted. This conformational transition can be prevented by fast air-drying within 2-3 min. Slow air-drying in the presence of sucrose also preserves the aqueous conformation and results in the formation of a glassy state. Comparison of shifts of the OH band with temperature indicates that sucrose/poly-L-lysine mixtures form a molecularly more densely packed glassy matrix, having a higher glass transition temperature (Tg), than sucrose alone. Whether direct interaction of sugar and polypeptide or glass formation is involved in the stabilization during slow air-drying was studied by drying in the presence of glucose or dextran. Compared with dextran (and sucrose to a lesser extent), glucose gives superior protection. Dried glucose has the lowest Tg and the best interacting properties. We conclude that either immobilization by fast air-drying or sufficient interaction with a protectant through hydrogen bonding (slow drying) plays the leading role in the preservation of the aqueous protein structure.
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