Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 41845
Title Exploring the scope for improving biocontrol of black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus, with Heterorhabditis spp. at low temperatures: a simulation study.
Author(s) Westerman, P.R.; Werf, W. van der
Source Agricultural Systems 57 (1998). - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 43 - 63.
Department(s) Theoretical Production Ecology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Abstract Control success with heterorhabditid nematodes varies with nematode species, isolate, production and storage conditions, and environmental conditions after application. These factors affect nematode behaviour. A model was developed that simulates movement of a nematode population in space and time from the moment of application on a sand column until penetration into a host. It was used to identify, (1) which nematode traits can best be used for improvement, and (2) what is the most promising strategy of improvement. The sensitivity of simulated control success of Heterorhabditis spp. against larvae of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus, at low temperatures, to changes in nematode behavioural parameters was quantified and related to genetic or environmental variation found in the nematodes. Parameters characterizing nematode movement had little influence on simulated control success. Parameters characterizing aggregation and arrestment had a large effect on control, but there is no variation in Heterorhabditis for these traits. Parameters characterizing penetration had a moderate effect on control. The most promising option to enhance control by Heterorhabditis in this system would be to raise the proportion infectious nematodes of an isolate up to its genetic maximum, by improving production and storage conditions. Variation in biocontrol would be reduced, resulting in a more reliable product.
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