Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 418602
Title Strategies to control tree vigour and optimise fruit production in 'Conference' pears
Author(s) Maas, F.M.
Source In: ISHS X International Pear Symposium, Peniche, Portugal. - Leuven : ISHS - ISBN 9789066056114 - p. 139 - 146.
Event Leuven : ISHS - ISBN 9789066056114 ISHS X International Pear Symposium 2007, Peniche, 2007-05-22/2007-05-26
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.800.12
Department(s) Fruit
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2008
Abstract The ban on the use of chlormequat (CCC) in pear orchards in 2001 forced Dutch pear growers to look for alternative methods to control tree vigour and stimulate flower bud development and fruit production. Root pruning and trunk notching have become the major growth retarding methods. In addition to the mechanical methods for controlling tree vigour, Regalis (Prohexadione-Calcium) and ethephon were tested as alternative chemical growth regulators for 'Conference' pears. In 2004, a trial was started in which six different strategies to control tree vigour and optimize fruit production in 'Conference' trees are compared. In 4 strategies root pruning was the major treatment, while in 2 strategies trunk incisions were the initial treatment to reduce tree vigour and stimulate fruit production. In 2005, no further root pruning or trunk incisions were made and ethephon and Regalis were the only treatments applied in some of the strategies. Ethephon and Regalis were also applied in 2006 in addition to root pruning in March and June or in June only. All of the strategies evaluated significantly reduced shoot growth and improved fruit production. Regular yields of 52 to more than 70 tons/ha were achieved for 3 consecutive years. So far, ethephon and Regalis have shown no or only minor additional beneficial effects compared to root pruning or trunk incision followed by root pruning in the years thereafter. Flowering, fruit yield and fruit quality of 'Conference' pears produced using the different strategies are presented and discussed.
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