High density planting systems are a prerequisite to economise the use of land and labour costs of orchards. Dwarfing rootstocks controlling the vigour of the scion cultivars form the basis for such orchards (Wertheim and Webster, 2005). In the Netherlands, rootstock research is limited to and focussed on testing rootstocks selected abroad. For the Dutch pear growers the main selection criteria for new rootstocks are: 1) control of tree size; 2) production; 3) fruit size; 4) fruit quality; 5) production efficiency; 6) frost resistance. Additional criteria for Dutch fruit tree nurseries exporting trees to other countries are: 1) compatibility with scion cultivars; 2) suitability for growth in calcareous soils; 3) easy propagation. In all trials rootstock performance is compared to Quince MC, the most commonly used rootstocks for pears in the Netherlands. Recently, a number of Pyrus (Pyrus communis) and Quince (Cydonia oblonga) rootstocks have been tested with ‘Conference’ and ‘Doyenné du Comice’ as the scion cultivars. Generally, the production efficiency of the Pyrus rootstocks was much less than for Quince MC. Another disadvantage of the evaluated Pyrus rootstocks was their high sensitivity towards pear decline. Several rootstocks were rejected after examination of the graft union because of suspected compatibility problems. Of the tested Quince rootstocks C 132 shows promise because of its control of tree growth in combination with good fruit size and Eline® because of its reduction of fruit russeting in ‘Conference’
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.