Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 41969
Title Biodiversity of Dutch forest ecosystems as affected by receding groundwater levels and atmospheric deposition.
Author(s) Tol, G. van; Dobben, H.F. van; Schmidt, P.; Klap, J.M.
Source Biodiversity and Conservation 7 (1998). - ISSN 0960-3115 - p. 221 - 228.
Department(s) Forestry
Institute for Forestry and Nature Research
Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Keyword(s) ecosystemen - bosbouw - verdroging - grondwaterstand - zure regen - ecohydrologie - ecosystems - forestry - desiccation - groundwater level - acid rain - ecohydrology
Categories Forestry (General)
Abstract Forests in the Netherlands are heavily under stress. Recent surveys suggest that about one-third of the forest area in the Netherlands is affected by desiccation. Generally, plant species of moist situations decline, whereas drought tolerant species tend to increase. Besides desiccation, adverse ecological effects of acidification and nitrogen deposition also occur. Their combined action is held responsible for, among others, the decline of oligotrophic vascular plants, lichens and mycorrhizal fungi. At the same time, N-demanding species increase, which is partly caused by nitrogen deposition, and is partly a secondary effect of desiccation through aeration and concomitant mineralization. Nutrient balance of trees is disrupted. Effects on animals also occur: small snails in forest on acid soil decrease, causing Ca deficiency in birds. Measures to reduce these impacts include restoration of the former hydrology, liming, fertilization and removal of N-saturated littler layers.
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