Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 419819
Title Evapotranspiration of deforested areas in central and southwestern Amazonia
Author(s) Randow, R.C.S. von; Randow, C.; Hutjes, R.W.A.; Tomasella, J.; Kruijt, B.
Source Theoretical and Applied Climatology 109 (2012)1-2. - ISSN 0177-798X - p. 205 - 220.
Department(s) CWC - Earth System Science and Climate Change
Earth System Science
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) large-aperture scintillometer - net ecosystem exchange - tropical deforestation - surface conductance - sensible heat - water-vapor - rain-forest - long-term - pasture - fluxes
Abstract Considering the high rates of evapotranspiration of Amazonian forests, understanding the impacts of deforestation on water loss rates is important for assessing those impacts on a regional and global scale. This paper quantifies evapotranspiration rates in two different pasture sites in Amazonia and evaluates the differences between the sites. In both places, measured evapotranspiration varies seasonally, decreasing during the dry season. The decrease is higher at the southwestern Amazonia site, while at the central Amazonia site, the decrease is less pronounced. During the dry season, average values of evapotranspiration are around 2.2¿±¿0.6 mm day-1 in central Amazonia and 2.4¿±¿0.6 mm day-1 in southwestern Amazonia, while during the wet season, those values are 2.1¿±¿0.6 mm day-1 in central Amazonia and 3.5¿±¿0.8 mm day-1 in southwestern Amazonia. On an annual basis, the pasture in southwestern Amazonia has higher evapotranspiration than in central Amazonia. We conclude that the main reason for this difference is the lower available energy in the wet season at the central Amazonian site, combined with a lower leaf area index at this site during the whole year. Still, the evapotranspiration is significantly controlled by the vegetation, which is well coupled with the local moisture conditions in the dry season
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