Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 420902
Title Risk of stroke in people with type 2 diabetes in the UK: a study using the General Practice Research Database
Author(s) Mulnier, H.E.; Seaman, H.E.; Raleigh, V.S.; Soedamah-Muthu, S.S.; Colhoun, H.M.; Lawrenson, R.A.; Vries, C.S. de
Source Diabetologia 49 (2006)12. - ISSN 0012-186X - p. 2859 - 2865.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2006
Keyword(s) transient ischemic attack - cardiovascular mortality - follow-up - population - mellitus - diagnosis - disease - predictors - women - men
Abstract Aims/hypothesis Risk estimates for stroke in patients with diabetes vary. We sought to obtain reliable risk estimates for stroke and the association with diabetes, comorbidity and lifestyle in a large cohort of type 2 diabetic patients in the UK. Materials and methods Using the General Practice Research Database, we identified all patients who had type 2 diabetes and were aged 35 to 89 years on 1 January 1992. We also identified five comparison subjects without diabetes and of the same age and sex. Hazard ratios (HRs) for stroke between January 1992 and October 1999 were calculated, and the association with age, sex, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, atrial fibrillation and duration of diabetes was investigated. Results The absolute rate of stroke was 11.91 per 1,000 person-years (95% CI 11.41–12.43) in people with diabetes (n¿=¿41,799) and 5.55 per 1,000 person-years (95% CI 5.40–5.70) in the comparison group (n¿=¿202,733). The age-adjusted HR for stroke in type 2 diabetic compared with non-diabetic subjects was 2.19 (95% CI 2.09–2.32) overall, 2.08 (95% CI 1.94–2.24) in men and 2.32 (95% CI 2.16–2.49) in women. The increase in risk attributable to diabetes was highest among young women (HR 8.18; 95% CI 4.31–15.51) and decreased with age. No investigated comorbidity or lifestyle characteristic emerged as a major contributor to risk of stroke. Conclusions/interpretation This study provides risk estimates for stroke for an unselected population from UK general practice. Patients with type 2 diabetes were at an increased risk of stroke, which decreased with age and was higher in women. Additional risk factors for stroke in type 2 diabetic patients included duration of diabetes, smoking, obesity, atrial fibrillation and hypertension
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