Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 421105
Title Relationship between plasma sialic acid and fibinogen concentration and incident micro-and macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetes
Author(s) Soedamah-Muthu, S.S.; Chaturvedi, N.; Pickup, J.C.; Fuller, J.H.
Source Diabetologia 51 (2008)3. - ISSN 0012-186X - p. 493 - 501.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2008
Keyword(s) coronary-heart-disease - density lipoprotein cholesterol - von-willebrand-factor - vascular risk-factors - c-reactive protein - cardiovascular-disease - follow-up - iddm complications - atherosclerosis risk - urinary albumin
Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Type 1 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of vascular complications. This increased risk could be explained by sialic acid and/or fibrinogen. It is also not clear what explains the abolition of sex-related differences affecting risk of CHD in the presence of type 1 diabetes. Therefore, we examined whether fibrinogen and sialic acid are related to incident micro- and macrovascular complications in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A subset (n=2329) of the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study was analysed. Sialic acid and fibrinogen concentrations were measured at baseline. The main outcomes after 7 years were development of albuminuria, retinopathy, neuropathy and CHD. RESULTS: Univariable and multivariable models using Cox proportional survival analyses showed that an SD unit increase in sialic acid and fibrinogen levels was significantly associated with CHD in men only. Adjusted standardised hazard ratios (sHRs) were 1.50 (95% CI 1.05-2.15) and 1.40 (95% CI 1.06-1.86) for sialic acid and fibrinogen, respectively. Initial associations between (1) sialic acid and incident retinopathy [standardised odds ratio (sOR) men 1.68, 95% CI 1.10-2.57], (2) fibrinogen and retinopathy (sOR women 1.37, 95% CI 1.06-1.78) and (3) sialic acid and neuropathy (sOR men 1.37, 95% CI 1.06-1.77) were shown, but became non-significant in multivariable models. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Sialic acid and fibrinogen are strong predictors of CHD in men with type 1 diabetes, beyond the effect of established risk factors. The associations found with microvascular complications were not independent of other risk factors.
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