Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 421698
Title "Smart regulation": Can policy instrument design solve forest policy aims of expansion and sustainability in Flanders and the Netherlands?
Author(s) Gossum, P. Van; Arts, B.J.M.; Verheyen, K.
Source Forest Policy and Economics 16 (2012)March. - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 23 - 34.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2009.08.010
Department(s) Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
WASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) biodiversity conservation - environmental-policy - united-states - land-use - governance - management - certification - conflicts - education - programs
Abstract The current study investigates with a multiple case study the relation between instrument design and policy success. The conclusion is that the instrument mix matters. The Flemish interventionist approach, which focuses more on traditional instruments, was not as effective as the Dutch stimulating approach, which uses a broad pallet of social and economic instruments, including many new environmental policy instruments. It is conspicuous that the government remains the most important regulator in all cases, although the importance of surrogate regulators is growing. Mostly the government is needed to stimulate or even create such surrogate regulators. Therefore, the government has a key position to decide which regulatory tasks will be transferred to surrogate regulators. This is currently restricted to capacity-building and certification.
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