Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 422004
Title Physical activity after myocardial infarction: is it related to mental health?
Author(s) Rius-Ottenheim, N.; Geleijnse, J.M.; Kromhout, D.; Mast, R.C. van der; Zitman, F.G.; Giltay, E.J.
Source European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 20 (2013)3. - ISSN 2047-4873 - p. 399 - 408.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) coronary-heart-disease - doubly labeled water - depressive symptoms - older-adults - dispositional optimism - cardiovascular mortality - follow-up - cardiac rehabilitation - activity scale - elderly pase
Abstract Background: Physical inactivity and poor mental wellbeing are associated with poorer prognoses in patients with cardiovascular disease. We aimed to analyse the cross-sectional and prospective associations between physical activity and mental wellbeing in patients with a history of myocardial infarction. Design: Longitudinal, observational study. Methods: We investigated 600 older subjects with a history of myocardial infarction (age range 60–80 years) who participated in the Alpha Omega Trial (AOT). They were tested twice at baseline and at 40 months follow-up for physical activity – with the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE); depressive symptoms – with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15); and dispositional optimism – with the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R). Linear (multilevel) and logistic regression analyses were used to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations. Results: Physical activity was cross-sectionally associated with depressive symptoms (adjusted beta = -0.143; p = 0.001), but not with dispositional optimism (adjusted beta = 0.074; p = 0.07). We found a synchrony of change between physical activity and depressive symptoms (adjusted beta = -0.155; p <0.001), but not with dispositional optimism (adjusted beta = 0.049; p = 0.24). Baseline physical activity did not predict depressive symptoms at 40 months follow-up. Conclusions: Concordant inverse associations were observed for (changes) in physical activity and depressive symptoms. Physical activity did not predict depressive symptoms or low optimism.
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