Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 422045
Title Effect of corn silage harvest maturity and concentrate type on milk fatty acid composition of dairy cows
Author(s) Khan, N.A.; Tewoldebrhan, T.A.; Zom, R.L.G.; Cone, J.W.; Hendriks, W.H.
Source Journal of Dairy Science 95 (2012)3. - ISSN 0022-0302 - p. 1472 - 1483.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4701
Department(s) Animal Nutrition
Livestock Research
LR - Backoffice
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) conjugated linoleic acids - trans octadecenoic acid - replacing grass-silage - maize silage - rumen fermentation - detergent fiber - sunflower oil - duodenal flow - linseed oil - fish-oil
Abstract The variation in maturity at harvest during grain filling has a major effect on the carbohydrate composition (starch:NDF ratio) and fatty acid (FA) content of corn silages, and can alter the FA composition of milk fat in dairy cows. This study evaluated the effect of silage corn (cv. Atrium) harvested and ensiled at targeted DM contents of 300, 340, 380, and 420g/kg of fresh weight and fed to dairy cows in combination with a highly degradable carbohydrate (HC) or low-degradable carbohydrate concentrate, on the nutrient intake, milk yield, and composition of milk and milk fat. Sixty-four multiparous Holstein-Friesian dairy cows in their first week of lactation were assigned to the 8 dietary treatments according to a randomized complete block design. The 8 dietary treatments consisted of a factorial combination of the 4 corn silages and the 2 concentrates. Corn silages were offered ad libitum as part of a basal forage mixture, whereas the concentrates were given at the rate of 8.5kg of DM/cow per day during the 15-wk experimental period. Dry matter, crude protein, and energy intakes did not differ across the corn silages. However, the intake of starch increased, and those of NDF and C18:3n-3 decreased with increasing maturation. Milk yield and composition were not different across the corn silages. Yield (kg/d) of milk, protein, and lactose was higher for low-degradable carbohydrate compared with HC concentrate-fed groups. Increasing maturity of corn silages decreased the content of C18:3n-3 and total n-3 and increased the n-6:n-3 ratio in milk fat. Concentrate type significantly altered the composition of all trans FA, except C18:2 trans-9,12. Inclusion of the HC concentrate in the diets increased the contents of all C18:1 trans isomers, C18:2 cis-9,trans-11, and C18:2 trans-10,cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid in milk fat. Milk fat composition was strongly influenced by the stage of lactation (wk 3 to 10). The content of all even short- and medium-chain FA changed with lactation, except C8:0 and C10:0. The content of C12:0, C14:0, and C16:0 and total saturated FA increased and the content of C18:0, C18:1 cis total, and total cis monounsaturated FA decreased with lactation. Maturity of the corn silages at harvest did not affect the production performance of dairy cows, but resulted in a decreased content of C18:3n-3, total n-3, and an increased n-6:n-3 ratio in the milk fat of dairy cows.
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