Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 422552
Title Epidemiology of Ocular Toxoplasmosis
Author(s) Petersen, E.; Kijlstra, A.; Stanford, M.
Source Ocular Immunology and Inflammation 20 (2012)2. - ISSN 0927-3948 - p. 68 - 75.
Department(s) LR - Backoffice
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) congenital toxoplasmosis - gondii infection - pregnant-women - risk-factors - acquired toxoplasmosis - southern brazil - united-states - prenatal treatment - waterborne toxoplasmosis - high prevalence
Abstract Retinal infection with Toxoplasma gondii is the most important cause of posterior uveitis, whereby prevalence and incidence of ocular symptoms after infection depend on socio-economic factors and the circulating parasite genotypes. Ocular toxoplasmosis is more common in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean and parts of tropical Africa as compared to Europe and Northern America, and is quite rare in China. Ocular disease in South America is more severe than in other continents due to the presence of extremely virulent genotypes of the parasite. Drinking untreated water is considered the major source of Toxoplasma infection in developing countries, whereas in the Western world the consumption of raw or undercooked meat (products) is the most important cause. Since acquired infection with T. gondii is currently a more important cause of ocular toxoplasmosis compared to congenital infection, prevention should be directed not only toward pregnant women but toward the general population
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