Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 423121
Title Alcohol consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in European men and women: influence of beverage type and body size. The EPIC-InterAct study
Author(s) The InterAct Consortium, A.; Feskens, E.J.M.
Source Journal of Internal Medicine 272 (2012)4. - ISSN 0954-6820 - p. 358 - 370.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02532.x
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) randomized controlled-trial - insulin sensitivity - postmenopausal women - drinking patterns - physical-activity - dietary-intake - older women - cancer - cohort - intervention
Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes, and determine whether this is modified by sex, body mass index (BMI) and beverage type. Design: Multicentre prospective case–cohort study. Setting: Eight countries from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. Subjects: A representative baseline sample of 16 154 participants and 12 403 incident cases of type 2 diabetes. Interventions: Alcohol consumption assessed using validated dietary questionnaires. Main outcome measures: Occurrence of type 2 diabetes based on multiple sources (mainly self-reports), verified against medical information. Results: Amongst men, moderate alcohol consumption was nonsignificantly associated with a lower incidence of diabetes with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.78–1.05) for 6.1–12.0 versus 0.1–6.0 g day-1, adjusted for dietary and diabetes risk factors. However, the lowest risk was observed at higher intakes of 24.1–96.0 g day-1 with an HR of 0.86 (95% CI: 0.75–0.98). Amongst women, moderate alcohol consumption was associated with a lower incidence of diabetes with a hazard ratio of 0.82 (95% CI: 0.72–0.92) for 6.1–12.0 g day-1 (P interaction gender
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