Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 424328
Title Pathways for resilience in Mediterranean cork oak land use systems
Author(s) Acácio, V.C.; Holmgren, M.
Source Annals of Forest Science 71 (2014)1. - ISSN 1286-4560 - p. 5 - 13.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13595-012-0197-0
Department(s) Forest Ecology and Forest Management
Resource Ecology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) stress-gradient hypothesis - eastern iberian peninsula - arid ecosystems - south-america - el-nino - regeneration - facilitation - restoration - persistence - landscapes
Abstract Context Loss of woodlands and degradation of vegetation and soil have been described for all Mediterranean-type ecosystems worldwide. In the Western Iberian Peninsula, overexploitation of evergreen cork oak land use systems has led to soil erosion, failures in oak recruitment, and loss of forests. Degraded and dry sites are quickly colonised by pioneer heathland rockrose (Cistus spp.) shrubs forming highly persistent patches. Aims Although traditionally shrublands have been considered as a transient successional state, we present evidence that they can represent persistent alternative states to former cork oak forests. Review trends and conclusions We first describe how Mediterranean vegetation evolved in the Iberian Peninsula and the role of fire and long-term human management as main disturbances. We then discuss alternative pathways through state-and-transition models indicating the ecological and land use variables that halt cork oak regeneration and recruitment and drive vegetation transitions towards persistent shrublands. Unless concerted management actions and restoration programmes are undertaken, the cork oak land use systems will not be sustainable
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