Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 425736
Title The genome of the cucumber, Cucumis sativus L.
Author(s) Huang, S.W.; Li, R.Q.; Vossen, E.A.G. van der
Source Nature Genetics 41 (2009)12. - ISSN 1061-4036 - p. 1275 - 1281.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.475
Department(s) PRI Biodiversity and Breeding
EPS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2009
Keyword(s) rice genome - ethylene biosynthesis - arabidopsis-thaliana - gene - sequence - resistance - plants - phloem - expression - diversity
Abstract Cucumber is an economically important crop as well as a model system for sex determination studies and plant vascular biology. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Cucumis sativus var. sativus L., assembled using a novel combination of traditional Sanger and next-generation Illumina GA sequencing technologies to obtain 72.2-fold genome coverage. The absence of recent whole-genome duplication, along with the presence of few tandem duplications, explains the small number of genes in the cucumber. Our study establishes that five of the cucumber's seven chromosomes arose from fusions of ten ancestral chromosomes after divergence from Cucumis melo. The sequenced cucumber genome affords insight into traits such as its sex expression, disease resistance, biosynthesis of cucurbitacin and 'fresh green' odor. We also identify 686 gene clusters related to phloem function. The cucumber genome provides a valuable resource for developing elite cultivars and for studying the evolution and function of the plant vascular system
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