In this study we investigated to what extent the induction of detoxification enzymes by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is modulated by concomitant TCDD-induced changes in thyroid state. Euthyroid (Eu) male Sprague-Dawley rats, surgically thyroidectomized (Tx) rats and Tx rats receiving substitution doses of 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (Tx T3) or thyroxine (Tx T4) by osmotic minipumps were treated with a single ip injection of 10 g TCDD/kg/bwt or with vehicle (corn oil). Three days after TCDD administration, rats were sacrificed and blood and livers were collected for analysis. Total hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) content was increased by ~50% by TCDD in all groups but was not affected by thyroid state. In Eu rats, TCDD increased CYP1A1/1A2 activity 90-fold, CYP1A1 protein content 52-fold and CYP1A1 mRNA levels ~5.8-fold. Similar findings were obtained in Tx, Tx T3 and Tx T4 rats except that TCDD-induced CYP1A1 activity was significantly decreased in Tx rats. NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase activity was not affected by TCDD but was decreased in Tx rats, which may explain the diminished TCDD-induced CYP1A1 activity in Tx rats. Hepatic p-nitrophenol UDP-glucuronyltransferase (UGT) activity was induced ~4-fold by TCDD in Eu rats. Similar basal and TCDD-induced activities were observed in Tx T3 and Tx T4 rats, but TCDD-induced activities were significantly lower in Tx rats. TCDD did not have a significant effect on overall glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity or hepatic GST 2-2, 3-3 or 4-4 protein levels but produced a marked increase in GST 1-1 protein levels. Thyroid state did not affect basal or TCDD-induced GST activity or subunit pattern. Iodothyronine sulfotransferase (ST) activity was not affected by TCDD treatment and was slightly but not significantly lower in Tx rats than in Eu, Tx T3 and Tx T4 rats. These results suggest that the changes in thyroid hormone levels associated with TCDD treatment have little modulating effects on the induction of hepatic detoxification enzymes in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to this compound.
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