Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 427826
Title Co-occurence of diabetes, myocardial infacttion, stroke, and cancer: quantifying age patterns in the Dutch population using health survey data
Author(s) Baal, P.H. van; Engelfriet, P.M.; Boshuizen, H.C.; Kassteele, J. van de; Schellevis, F.G.; Hoogenveen, R.T.
Source Population Health Metrics 9 (2011)1. - ISSN 1478-7954 - 9 p.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-9-51
Department(s) Biometris (WU MAT)
Chair Nutrition and Disease
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) coronary-heart-disease - prevalence - comorbidity - risk - mellitus - netherlands - guidelines - mortality - register - trends
Abstract Background The high prevalence of chronic diseases in Western countries implies that the presence of multiple chronic diseases within one person is common. Especially at older ages, when the likelihood of having a chronic disease increases, the co-occurrence of distinct diseases will be encountered more frequently. The aim of this study was to estimate the age-specific prevalence of multimorbidity in the general population. In particular, we investigate to what extent specific pairs of diseases cluster within people and how this deviates from what is to be expected under the assumption of the independent occurrence of diseases (i.e., sheer coincidence). Methods We used data from a Dutch health survey to estimate the prevalence of pairs of chronic diseases specified by age. Diseases we focused on were diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke, and cancer. Multinomial P-splines were fitted to the data to model the relation between age and disease status (single versus two diseases). To assess to what extent co-occurrence cannot be explained by independent occurrence, we estimated observed/expected co-occurrence ratios using predictions of the fitted regression models. Results Prevalence increased with age for all disease pairs. For all disease pairs, prevalence at most ages was much higher than is to be expected on the basis of coincidence. Observed/expected ratios of disease combinations decreased with age. Conclusion Common chronic diseases co-occur in one individual more frequently than is due to chance. In monitoring the occurrence of diseases among the population at large, such multimorbidity is insufficiently taken into account.
Comments
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.