Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 428088
Title The effect of uniform capture molecule orientation on biosensor sensitivity : dependence on analyte properties
Author(s) Trilling, A.K.; Harmsen, M.M.; Ruigrok, V.J.; Zuilhof, H.; Beekwilder, J.
Source Biosensors and Bioelectronics 40 (2013)1. - ISSN 0956-5663 - p. 219 - 226.
Department(s) PRI BIOS Applied Metabolic Systems
Laboratory for Organic Chemistry
CVI Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) mouth-disease virus - domain antibody fragments - chain variable domain - passive-immunization - immobilization - protein - llama - immunoglobulin - biotinylation - strategies
Abstract Uniform orientation of capture molecules on biosensors has been reported to increase sensitivity. Here it is investigated which analyte properties contribute to sensitivity by orientation. Orientation of capture molecules on biosensors was investigated using variable domains of llama heavy-chain antibodies (VHHs) as capture molecule, and a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) chip as biosensor. Two VHHs were tested in this study: one recognizing foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) and another recognizing the 16 kDa heat-shock protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. SPR chips with randomly immobilized biotinylated VHHs were compared to streptavidin-coated SPR chips, on which similar quantities of oriented biotinylated VHHs were non-covalently immobilized. Analytes that differ in molecular weight, epitope number and epitope affinity were compared using the FMDV-recognizing VHH. When binding of intact FMDV particles (146 S; 8200 kDa) or pentameric FMDV coat protein aggregates (12 S; 282 kDa) was detected, a modest (1–2-fold) increase in sensitivity was observed. When a 26-residue peptide (3 kDa) containing the epitope for VHH recognition was tested, much larger effects of capture molecule orientation (14-fold) on signal were observed. A 20–227-fold improvement was also observed when the epitope peptide was covalently linked to bovine serum albumin (67 kDa) or R-phycoerythrin (240 kDa). The results indicate that orientation of the capture molecule hardly affects high-affinity interactions, while it leads to strong improvements in sensitivity for lower-affinity interactions
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