Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 428586
Title A salt reduction of 50% in bread does not decrease bread consumption or increase sodium intake by the choice of sandwich fillings
Author(s) Bolhuis, D.P.; Temme, E.H.M.; Koeman, F.; Noort, M.W.J.; Kremer, S.; Janssen, A.M.
Source The Journal of Nutrition 141 (2011)12. - ISSN 0022-3166 - p. 2249 - 2255.
Department(s) Chair Sensory Science and Eating Behaviour
RIKILT - Business Unit Safety & Health
Consumer Science & Intelligent Systems
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) dietary-sodium - blood-pressure - taste preference - table salt - flavor - bitterness - mortality - disease - alters
Abstract Bread is a major contributor to sodium intake in many countries. Reducing the salt (NaCl) content in bread might be an effective way to reduce overall sodium intake. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of gradually lowering the salt content in brown bread, with and without flavor compensation (KCI and yeast extract), on bread consumption and sodium intake compensation by choice of sandwich fillings. A total of 116 participants (age: 21 +/- 3 y; BMI: 22 +/- 2 kg/m(2)) consumed a buffet-style breakfast on weekdays for 4 wk. Participants received either regular bread (control group: n = 39), bread whose salt content was gradually lowered each week by 0, 31, 52, and 67% (reduced group: n = 38), or bread whose salt content was also gradually lowered each week but which was also flavor compensated (compensated group: n = 39). A reduction of up to 52% of salt in bread did not lead to lower consumption of bread compared to the control (P = 0.57), whereas less bread was consumed when salt was reduced by 67% (P = 0.006). When bread was flavor compensated, however, a reduction of 67% did not lead to lower consumption (P = 0.69). Salt reduction in bread (with and without flavor compensation) did not induce sodium intake compensation (P = 0.31). In conclusion, a salt reduction of up to 52% in bread or even up to 67% in flavor-compensated bread neither affected bread consumption nor choice of sandwich fillings
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